APEC has an Electronic Commerce Steering Group as well as working on common privacy regulations throughout the APEC region.In Australia, Trade is covered under Australian Treasury Guidelines for electronic commerce, was formerly the regulating authority for most aspects of the EU's Payment Services Directive (PSD), until its replacement in 2013 by the Prudential Regulation Authority and the Financial Conduct Authority.Article 87 of the PSD requires the European Commission to report on the implementation and impact of the PSD by 1 November 2012.In India, the Information Technology Act 2000 governs the basic applicability of e-commerce.With 668 million Internet users, China's online shopping sales reached 3 billion in the first half of 2015, accounting for 10% of total Chinese consumer retail sales in that period.In 2013, Brazil's e-commerce was growing quickly with retail e-commerce sales expected to grow at a double-digit pace through 2014.The Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008, which came into law in 2008, amends the Controlled Substances Act to address online pharmacies.Conflict of laws in cyberspace is a major hurdle for harmonization of legal framework for e-commerce around the world.
Electronic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems.
In China, the Telecommunications Regulations of the People's Republic of China (promulgated on 25 September 2000), stipulated the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) as the government department regulating all telecommunications related activities, including electronic commerce.
On the same day, The Administrative Measures on Internet Information Services released, is the first administrative regulation to address profit-generating activities conducted through the Internet, and lay the foundation for future regulations governing e-commerce in China.
The purpose was stated as being to find ways of co-operating on tackling consumer problems connected with cross-border transactions in both goods and services, and to help ensure exchanges of information among the participants for mutual benefit and understanding.
From this came Econsumer.gov, an ICPEN initiative since April 2001.